Iodine deficiency can be managed with just a few lifestyle changes.
You can either incorporate iodine rich foods into your diet or take supplements. It is hard to even think about iodine deficiency in the US because it is in everything. Iodized salt, seaweed, yogurt, bread, shrimp, and even codfish is rich with iodine.
If you decide to go the supplement route, you can take potassium iodine, sodium iodine or kelp.
The amount of iodine that am individual needs varies and depends on your age or whether you are pregnant or a lactating mother. Each group has different needs. Birth to 6 months (110 micrograms), 7 months to 19 years (90 -150 mcg), lactating mothers (290 mcg) and pregnant women (220 mcg).
A few conditions that are caused by iodine deficiency is hyperthyroidism (thyroid does not make enough of the hormone thyroxine) and goiters (swelling of the thyroid gland). The common cause of iodine deficiency is the lack of iodine in food. So, it is super important to make sure that you are eating iodine rich foods or iodine rich supplements.